Meet Darwin. Don't get attached.

The Marvel comics franchise “X-Men” has been lauded for its cultural sensitivities and perpetual relevance due to parallels commentators draw between its protagonist mutants and real-life ethnic, religious, and sexual minorities in the United States. The comic, naturally, has always been all too aware of the comparison, even going so far as to transform team founder and leader Professor Xavier and his ideological nemesis, Magneto, into dueling Martin Luther King and Malcolm X figures.

The latest film adaptation, “X-Men: First Class,” punctuates that comparison by inserting the mutants – identifiable from your run of the mill superhero because their powers come through natural biology rather than a convoluted scientific mishap – into the early 1960s. Any child who’s taken a social studies class can point out the relevance in placing Marvel’s mutants at the precipice of the American civil rights movement. Yet, even with that concession, the filmmakers still walk right into a stale racist trope of Hollywood at the apex of the first act when they kill off Darwin, the only black member of the team.

One thing it isn’t, though, is surprising. When discussing the comic book medium, academics, columnists, and self-styled pop culture pundits have swarmed to the “X-Men” as the perennial example of social consciousness and sophistication in comic books. The angle is almost always that the material subversively enfranchises younger minds with the concept of fairness and social justice by casting colorful heroes in the role of the oppressed. The “not just kids stuff” battle cry is carried to comic book fans and creators, who are understandably eager to grant sober, honorable recognition to the medium they love. Unfortunately, it’s not wholly accurate or sincere. With few and brief exceptions, serious societal themes in mainstream comic books have not been handled with the class and sophistication that revisionists would have you believe. The problem isn’t with the comic book form, it’s with the comic book industry, which used to cater to children and now caters to an ever-shrinking fanbase of adults that shout mandates at creators rather than absorbing and digesting the material. All of this, of course, is a nice way of saying that even though I’m a fan, comic books aren’t high art or literature and any pretense otherwise should be taken with a grain of salt.

Sadly, this quagmire carried itself into Hollywood with the release of “X-Men: First Class.” As popcorn fare, the film does well. The writing carries the viewer through a brisk two and a half hours without becoming too enamored with itself, and it probably ranks as one of the better comic book films in recent history. However, some reviews of the film have carried with them the same inflated praise that the franchise receives in its printed form, largely ignoring artistic failings including but not limited to an unwieldy number of characters and sloppy scene structure that makes the first hour of the film seem like an extended montage sequence littered with stiff, wooden dialogue.

Despite being introduced to audiences in a concentration camp, the movie goes to great lengths to make you forget Magneto is Jewish and the source of his anguish was a Nazi.

The worst crime it commits, however, is the intellectual disservice done to its theme through poor execution. Comparing the plight of the film’s mutants to groups like blacks, the Jews, and women of the time rings hollow when it treats those groups so dismissively. In the opening scene we are introduced to Magneto as a pre-teen in a concentration camp, but the rest of the film is spent actively ignoring the fact that he’s Jewish and that the man he’s pursuing was a Nazi. Instead, they’re all just mutants, inexplicably identifying immediately as this new class of person that they openly admit they did not even know existed and foregoing and dismissing all previous affiliations. Also troubling – and this is owing to a theme that comes from the source material – is the fact that in order for the metaphor of mutants as minorities to work, the audience has to somehow reconcile that concerns people have with a human being that can read thoughts and literally control everyone around him with his mind is somehow equitable to the active oppression of blacks and denying or otherwise obstructing their basic rights and liberties.

Beyond problems with the concept of equitable comparison are the actual practices of the film itself and its treatment of real peoples. The aforementioned sacrifice of the Darwin character occurs in the same scene as a defection from the team that makes the protagonists an all-Caucasian unit. There’s also a female agent, Moira McTaggert, who is portrayed as a forward-thinking 21st Century woman operating in the early 1960s, but it’s not acknowledged until the character is used at the very end as the punch line of a chauvinistic joke disguised as a statement of the times.

This isn’t to say that you can’t or shouldn’t go see “X-Men: First Class.” I’d recommend you do so, and you should and will enjoy it for its merits and for what it does right. It’s a great action-adventure movie, and I genuinely look forward to future installments of the new franchise and the approach it takes as it advances the setting into the late 1960s. I will, however, say this: be wary of anyone that will attempt to portray this well-executed blockbuster as anything other than an exception in the realm of high-budget Hollywood fare. Allusions to it somehow championing causes both past and present or displaying minority relations in a unique light are intellectually dishonest, fraudulent, and bound to elicit some degree of disappointment when, once again, ignorant Hollywood rears its predictably ugly head and kills off literally the only black guy in the entire movie.

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39 Responses to Troubling treatments of racial and ethnic identity in “X-Men: First Class”

  1. Alyssa Howard says:

    And nobody’s Asian in the movies.

    But yeah, I’m looking forward to seeing it as a fun popcorn flick and a showcase for Charles and Erik’s epic bromance, but… dude. It’s an X-Men movie. Are people seriously singing praises that high? They gots to simmer down.

  2. GenWar says:

    Don’t EVEN get me started on the Lion King…


  3. Hempress420 says:

    I’m a Jamaican woman and a self proclaimed comic book Queen. X-Men : First Class was a great movie and I find it disgusting that the race card is even being used here. As much as I wanted to see “Darwin” in action, the writers deemed it fit for him to be quickly executed in one of the earlier scenes. Who cares? How do you know that he won’t be resurrected In future sequels? Since his name is Darwin, I’m sure it wouldn’t be that hard to incorporate some kind of immortality/phoenix complex in regards to his return. If he doesn’t return In future sequels, then still SO WHAT? X-Men is one of those movies that represents the diversity of the human race In a figurative sense. We are all different in some way or the other, whether its race, beliefs, sexual preference, or just opinions so lets embrace this wonderful film for Its true cinematic majesty. I loved the movie and I’m really excited for all future X-MEN journey.

  4. Hempress420 says:

    p.s. Darwin was not the only black person In the film. ZOE Kravitz (Angel) Is a black woman.

  5. Hempress420 – I didn’t say he was (only black guy), but that’s neither here nor there because you seemed to miss the whole point of the piece. I think you should try reading this post again (or actually reading it in full).

  6. Hempress420 says:

    Kevin Marshall – I never once implied that you said he was the only black guy. Maybe you need to read my post again In hopes of you actually understanding my prior comments. It was directed at anyone who might be under the impression that they killed the “only” black person In the film. The fact that you’re so offended by a comment that was In no way directed to you, makes It clear that assumptions make an ass out of “you” not “me”. To quote your exact sentence, “Yet, even with that concession, the filmmakers still walk right into a stale racist trope of Hollywood at the apex of the first act when they kill off Darwin, the only black member of the team”.You were 100% incorrect by stating that “Darwin” was the only black person on team, because he clearly wasn’t.

    –I think you should try watching the movie again(or actually watching It in full). Gender has nothing to do with race, so for the record there were TWO black people on the team. Unless you were specifically speaking in regards to the much darker complexion of Darwin In comparison to Angel.The fact remains that they didn’t kill the “only black person on the team”. Thank You

    • Hempress420 – If you were clarifying for other people, why wouldn’t you state as such?

      Angel had already defected when he was killed (with his temporary defection being quickly revealed as a ruse). I wasn’t offended by your comment, simply clarifying that your oversimplification and subsequent disgust (your word) was taken from a place other than the space used for the piece I posted.

  7. Hempress420 says:

    Kevin Marshall – You clearly missed the whole purpose of my post. I wasn’t debating your article, I was praising the excellent work of the writers and directors. There is no need for the condescending comments and divalicious remarks. I’m also entitled to my own opinion, As a black woman I can speak for myself when I say pulling the “Race Card” is absurd In regards to this movie. I am of the opressed that you spoke of and my basic rights and liberties were not being obstructed upon my viewing this film. More damaging than anything else Is your hostility. I initially thought It was a beautiful piece but after reading your disrespectful response, I beg to differ.

  8. Hempress420 says:

    Kevin Marshall- You have such a guilty conscience that Its almost hilarious. Since you admitted to playing the “Race Card” without any prompting then that would be your own personal issue. Maybe you should play the race card related to your own race. The black guy was killed In a movie In an earlier scene, It’s not that serious. If you were a truly genuine person you wouldn’t aim to create more turmoil. You’re disgusting along with your piece. What grown man throws tantrums on their own blog? Maybe If you were more respectful and open-minded you would be writing another piece right now. Instead you’re attacking and attempting to belittle my peaceful post that had no malicious intent.

  9. Hempress420 says:

    You should find a new career because you lack the skills of a successful writer/blogger. You spend so much time arguing like a female that It detracts from your authencity. Then you refuse to post my comments that state the facts and point out the flaws In your piece. You’re a closeted racist and a misogynistic young man. I would hope that you re-evaluate yourself and develop better characteristics trait. I will be contacting TimesUnion and informing them about your lack of profressionalism. Kevin Marshall is an unsuitable writer for any decent business. Have A Good Day Sir.

  10. Hempress420 says:

    @Kevin Marshall You didn’t post the last 3 comments I made because you know I am 100% correct. I was stating the facts, X-MEN: First Class is a great film and was not offensive In any way to my “RACE”. Stop spreading propaganda and ignorance across the world wide web. You are very disrespectful and disgusting as a writer. Your piece was ignorant and insincere. I strongly believe that you’re hindering and not helping any of “us oppressed people you speak about”. Don’t use the race card when It’s not even your own race you’re speaking in reference to. NO BLACK PEOPLE WERE OFFENDED BY THE DEATH OF DARWIN IN THE X:MEN FIRST CLASS MOVIE. Get your facts together before you start beign condescending. There were TWO BLACK PEOPLE IN THE MOVIE, only one died. Therefore your ridiculous blog was laced with lies. The piece wasn’t terrible but you have shown me here today that the author(you) Is not qualified for such a position. Your pseudo intellect and inflated ego Is laughable. I hope you realize here today that I was initially in support of your article until you decided to attack me from behind your keyboard like the coward that you are. God Bless you and Good Luck.

    —Keep on”fighting” for us by throwing the race card around(insert sarcasm).— I am done with you. Good Day :-) :-)

    I will never waste my time reading or supporting any of your work or material. I will make it my priority to inform everyone via twitter, facebook, my own blog that you are ungrateful, condescending and disrespectful to your readers. #TRASH

    • Eric - I did see that! Very strange coincidence; I found it this morning after I was recommended to his blog for The Atlantic. Directed him to mine as well. Love his writing, though. Great minds and all that.

      Hempress420 and others – please be aware that on this site, “your comment awaiting moderation” means that the blog author has to personally go in and approve every comment. As I’m a reader blogger with a day job, I do my best to stay on top of the approvals, but mostly can only do that in breaks from my real job. And Hempress, I do hope you find some peace in your life, whether it’s through your blog or your facebook or your Twitter.

  11. Hempress420 says:

    @ Kevin Marshall I am aware what “your comment awaiting moderation” means, and I’m sure the “others” do too(Initially you were responding to my posts within minutes so there was no way of knowing you were at your “real job”). Isn’t that the same oversimplication that you spoke about? Anyways I must Thank you for the kind words and I wish you many good tidings. I am a peaceful woman some might refer to me as a “Hippie” so rest assured that I am in a place of love…Have A Blessed Day.

  12. Grahamzibar says:

    Unfortunately, not a very apt post. Sorry, bro. Even your justifications to Hempress420 were rather weak. Your entire piece seems rather stretched thin for anything factual and feels like complete unverified speculation. Would having the entire team be black except for two people and then killing off one of the two be racist? Is having the only Scottish actor be shot in the back a subtle reference to the filmmakers’ prejudice towards Scottish people? At this point we could speculate anything since there is no fact for any of it. You read into this a bit too much… and it’s actually a tad concerning.

    • Grahamzibar - How is it unverified to note that ethnicities are ignored and of the two minorities on the team, one betrays them and the other is killed off at the end of the first act? I’d argue it’s verified to reach that conclusion that the portrayal, or lack thereof, was troubling, especially considering the parallels it attempted to draw through its theme and the placement of it in the same year as the March on Washington. I mean, agree to disagree and all, but the filmmakers made a conscious choice that put themselves in the position to be taken to task for these oversights.

  13. Roger Green says:

    Hempress420- I submit that Kevin IS a successful blogger. After all, YOU came back again and again to comment…
    Oh, and ditto about comment approvals.

  14. Hempress420 says:

    This is a basic example of miscommunication gone awry. I advise everyone to see the movie and make your own conclusions.

    @Kevin Marshall – I also hope that you can find some peace in your life and hopefully It will allow you to thrive successfully. Sometimes a little humility can go a long way. As we say In Jamaica, “Irie Vibes” = sending alot of good blessings your way.

  15. EZ says:

    Wow! Two whole people in the X-men Movie and only one dies before the halfway point!?! Progress!

  16. EZ says:

    Wait, I meant two black people. Of course there are more than two people in the movie, it’s an X-men movie.

  17. HomeTownGirl says:

    Someone’s got a new fan :)

  18. mw says:

    I absolutely love your blog and think you make some startling and often overlooked points about pop culture and society. I haven’t seen X-Men first class yet but I appreciate you review of it. I have to say please keep up the amazing work because I will continue to read your blog (although I moved out of the Cap region in November). ALso, I find it a testament to your success as a blogger that people keep coming back to comment after they have said they will never waste their time. I am referring, of course, to Hempress420 who commented twice after saying they would not waste their time again. Keep up the good and thought-provoking work.
    P.S. @Hempress420, being of a certain race, ethnicity, gender, or whatever else does not mean that your opinion on racism, sexism, etc is more accurate than someone not of that race, ethnicity, gender, or whatever else.

  19. Hempress420 says:

    @MW Make this the 3rd time I’m commenting after making the point that I would not continue to waste my time. I am entitled to my own opinions, like everyone else and I also have the right to do so. I have an obligation to defend my opinions and that’s exactly what I’m doing. One’s success as a blogger Isn’t solely based on their ability debating back and forth with their readers. I respect Kevin Marshall more for ending our discussion In a courteous manner, despite of the fact that things started off quite agressive. I am reffering to @MW of course who took it upon themselves to take offense to the previous discussion that was non-related to them.

    p.s.– Please scroll up and read my comments because once again, people are making assumptions. When did I claim superior knowledge on race,religious or sexual issues? I can speak from experience as the “opressed” he was referring to when I say, “NO BLACK PEOPLE WERE HARMED OR OFFENDED BY THE DEATH OF DARWIN”. For the record: “Opinions aren’t based on the level of accuracy, It’s based on the Individual’s own perception so I would never imply that mines was superior”. So Thank you for your OPINION.

  20. Hempress420 says:

    @Roger Green – I don’t believe Kevin Marshall needed your co-sign since he was handling himself just fine. Yes I came back to defend my opinions and I still stand by them firmly. Thank you for your OPINION…lol

  21. Jango Davis says:

    I saw the movie, and my friend and I commented when Darwin died that is was like the old horror film cliche, the black guy always dies first. Darwin was completely undeveloped as a character, there was no investment in him as a character so his death had no impact.

    I thought it was a good movie, probably the best of the X-Men movies, not that that’s actually saying much. The 1960s angle wasn’t played up very much, it might was well have been placed in the 1990s or 2000s for all that mattered.

    However, on the other hand, I think it probably could be argued that having many black characters in the first film would not reflect the comic very well, who didn’t have it’s first black team member until Storm arrived in the 1970s.

    I think Hempress420 should stop investing in the product from whence she takes her nom de plum and she might stop seeing things in your blogs that really aren’t there.

  22. Hempress420 says:

    @Jango Once again, and hopefully for the final time. There is no need for you speak for me or make any suggestions on my behalf. I think you should take your own advice and then tell me how that works out for you. Have A Blessed Day. You’re entire comment was a huge contradiction In itself but since you’re entitled to your own opinions then all Is well. This entire race issue is a constant distraction from real issues that plague humanity, for example; murder, rape, poverty,war etc. At the end of the day we’re all human beings living on planet earth. Like I said before, the movie was great and I didn’t sense any kind of racial agenda against my race.

  23. guy says:

    “the rest of the film is spent actively ignoring the fact that he’s Jewish and that the man he’s pursuing was a Nazi.”


    uh, no. Did you miss the part where Magneto went Argentina and to hunt down Nazis? Or the Scene where Xavier reads his mind and finds his mother lighting the menorah, or, ya know, the entire reason (repeated several times) that Magento was hunting down Bacon’s character?

    I would admit that it was pretty bad that Magneto had an Irish accent while he was supposed to be of Jewish (German? Eastern Euro?) descent

    • guy -

      Did you miss the part where Magneto went Argentina and to hunt down Nazis? Or the Scene where Xavier reads his mind and finds his mother lighting the menorah, or, ya know, the entire reason (repeated several times) that Magento was hunting down Bacon’s character?

      He doesn’t go to Argentina to hunt down Nazis, he goes to Argentina to hunt down Shaw specifically because he’s told Shaw is there. There’s a clear distinction to make, and Shaw himself makes it in the very beginning. “I am evil mwa-ha-ha but between you and me I’m not really a Nazi.” Paraphrasing, but he makes a very clear distinction as do the filmmakers by having the character literally tell Magneto that he isn’t really a Nazi. Magneto isn’t hunting Shaw down because of what he as a Nazi or because he’s culpable in the murder of his people, he’s hunting him down because Shaw killed his mother. It’s a personal revenge plot and it’s stated as such repeatedly.

  24. HomeTownGirl says:

    “I will never waste my time reading or supporting any of your work or material.” Comment by Hempress420 — June 9th, 2011 @ 1:41 pm
    … 3 hours later you’re still reading, and obviously quite tentatively because it only took you ten minutes to respond to Jango. Face it, you’re hooked on the local treasure that is Kevin Marshall.

  25. EZ says:

    Hempress, I’m sure you are not reading this comment since you have vowed off of all things KM. However, if you are still lingering, I would like to offer you a little advice.

    Kevin has opinions and he states them on his blog. Often I have read his posts and disagreed with him. I have made comments concerning his views, or make some joke that I think he will understand my POV. Sometimes, I’ll call him out through Twitter instead of here. I look forward to his responses. At the end of the day, we get along as well as two entities whose paths will never cross.

    My point is, disagree with him all you want, but watch your TONE. It matters. There are plenty of blogs here where people shout back and forth at each other, if you are into that sort of thing.

  26. Ann says:

    Hempress420, while I am all for defending yourself, you have taken it to the extreme and made it boring. You lose credibility, and interest, by posting so many times.
    I too expect immediate postings of my comments and am regularly disappointed as, like Kevin said, these blogs hosts do have to do other things than wait patiently for my comment.
    As usual, great post Kevin.

  27. Alesia says:

    So here’s how I feel.

    1) the fact that the man he was pursing was a Nazi was IMPOSSIBLE to forget and was not ignored throughout the whole movie. The part where he was in (Cuba?) and said he’s lived at the hands of men who “were just doing their duty” resonated strongly within me–as did the opening scene. it was a KEY factor if not THE deciding factor in Magneto. That fact MADE him who he was. It’s impossible for it not be be a factor in the whole movie. It doesn’t matter that the specific reason he’s after Shaw is because he killed his mother–because WHY did he kill his mother? She was a Nazi.

    Personally as an AA I enjoyed the way that they used Civil Rights and Gay Rights parallels throughout the movie. No, it isn’t the “same” but it shouldn’t be. People from all vices of life will watch this movie. Including racists, sexists, bigots, etc. And if something that was said by Magneto or Xavier in their Malcolm X and MLK parallels can resonate within them–then the job was not in vain. Many Americans view Malcolm X similar to a terrorist. However, if they can understand where Magneto is coming from and learns that Magneto is based off of Malcolm X then they’re just a little bit closer to opening their eyes.

    I feel as though you wanted the movie to beat it into everyone’s head. But that would have been pointless because when things become about Race people tend to shut down. They either are a racist or they’re not and when things come to race it doesn’t concern them (nice tumblr is The movie was taken just like literature. It was great. I look forward to the whole series.

    Sorry of this was long winded and boring.

  28. Jango Davis says:

    Hempress420-My position was logically consistant and I defy you to point out any premises, claims, supports, or unstated assumptions in my comment that are in dialectical opposition to each other. I think it is clear by your many intentionial misinterpetations of Kevin’s and others postings that you have a rather personal and an unsettled emotional agenda apart from any relevent criticism of the movie or the comments in this forum.

  29. Steve says:

    I don’t think addressing racial issues in X-Men is “playing the race card.” I think X-Men, at its core, is about addressing racial issues. That’s where the whole conflict arises from. Whether it’s african americans/whites or mutants/humans, racial strife is the entire point of the books and the movies up to this point. And when you set a film against the backdrop of a period in American history when the civil rights movement is in full swing, failing to address these comparisons as X-Men First Class did is, at best, a missed opportunity.

    But if you really want to talk about playing the race card in a blatant and unnecessary manner…how about the camera focusing in on Darwin when Sebastian Shaw is talking (vaguely) about slavery? This movie very much “played the race card.” It just didn’t do it in a very interesting or constructive manner. And call me a choosey audience member, but I believe that if you are going to address a sensitive issue in movies, it’s either all or nothing. If you address it, you need to be mature about it, and above all- interesting. The most offensive thing about Darwin isn’t that he’s black. It’s that he’s boring. One way they could have made him interesting is to actually give him opinions that come from his unique background, both as an individual person, and as a black man living in a time of social unrest.

  30. brrryce says:

    Kevin – I’ve had your discussion with Hempress about a million times. Look at it in these terms: this person (I doubt she’s black, even thought she made a point of saying she’s Jamaican) is arguing AGAINST racial diversity in movies. Her “who cares” is the default argument whenever one states the facts that 1) the black person was killed off early or 2) there are no black people in such and such a movie. Their point seems to be that real diversity is white diversity, i.e. white gays, white women, white foreigners etc. You’ve already won the argument, since her racism is indefensible. And, trust me, it’s hypocritical too. As a comic book fan who has pushed for racial diversity for a long time, I know that people like Hempress are “enlightened” in only one direction. Take the comic book character Star Boy from the Legion of Super Heroes. A pretty minor character that they made black after the character had a decades long history of being white — it was as if they made Superman a pedophile. Trust me, you’re dealing with racism here, and your logic won’t change her.

  31. brrryce says:

    BTW, I’ve noticed that Hempress is EXTREMELY literal, so for her sake, I will note that my statement, “I’ve had this conversation a million times with Hempress” is figurative. Oh, and I’m black and WAS offended by Darwin’s killing, as you so elegantly phrased it. So, her statement is obviously untrue about no black people being offended. I get pretty riled up with folks like that because, their best defense is always, always, always the BS argument that “it’s just a movie.” We’re Americans… movies are who we are. We dream them. We emulate them. We buy the crap they product place. So, all of a sudden, when I want to see somebody who looks like me survive the entire 90 minutes of a film, I’m playing the race card. I’m calling and will always call BS on that. I will also go on record and say if Hollywood was less racist in its depictions of black people, there’d be more realistic and substantive dialogue between the races. I’d love to see Hollywood make the trend more obvious by casting more black characters as headliners — a black James Bond, a black Superman, a black Miss Congeniality, a black Han Solo…

    … so, I will return and wait for the other shoe to drop so I can make my standard reply to that chestnut…*hint* the president.

  32. Watson says:

    As a person of color I felt the movie did an excellent job of addressing the struggles of people historically oppressed and or persecuted, however the movie attempted to focus more intently on the plight of the Jewish and black people with its references to the Nazi’s, and being set in the 60’s around the time of the civil rights movement

    Ask yourself, why would a director have any desire to offend the black community by killing off the only principal black character in a movie that is about intolerance and get approval to do so?

    Racism comes in many forms and flavors, and to various degrees. It is always either blatant or aversive. The Nazi camp illustrated the blatant treatment of the Nazi’s loathing towards the Jews, but the black message chose a more aversive path as even today we are led to believe that people are not as racist as they were in the past, but the truth is it’s just not as blatant.

    Darwin is killed off only after exerting leadership of his team and is actually inadvertently killed as a result of his own incompetence and poor judgment by a member of his own team, Havoc.

    Now I say that Darwin is the only principal black person even though there is another somewhat black girl in the movie. She is light skinned. Very light skinned in fact. So light skinned that if she wanted she could pass for white.

    Passing as white was something a lot of light skinned blacks resorted to throughout black history in order to have a more comfortable life even writing off their own relatives to do it. So when Darwin tries to hold back Angel in a protective way he is actually preventing her from leaving the family. The same analogy is used for Mystique’s character but from a Jewish perspective, as Jewish people often changed their Jewish sounding names in order to make it in America especially in the movie industry which was predominantly Jewish run.

    I believe this is why a lot of you are missing or misinterpreting the message of the movie in this blog, including you Kevin. Bigotry these days is confusing and a lot of times hard to prove, and if executed well, is only clearly apparent to the oppressed.

    Kevin, the mutants are not any one specific minority. They all collectively represent all oppressed people. (They are all mutants.)

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